Foods to favor and those to avoid to prevent heart failure

The main sources are foods of plant origin, including fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains and beans. Moderate amounts of dairy products and fish are also beneficial. A diet that can help prevent or manage heart failure also excludes certain foods. Experts recommend limiting the consumption of salty foods and those high in saturated fat, such as sausages and pieces of fatty red meat.

4 types of foods to prevent or managing heart failure

A varied, quality diet can help prevent poor outcomes in people with heart failure. A study in 2018 looked at the effect of diet on people with this disease. It found that people with deficiencies in seven or more micronutrients were almost twice as likely to be hospitalized and die as people with few deficiencies.


Micronutrients are made up of vitamins and minerals, such as calcium, magnesium and vitamin C. Micronutrient deficiencies are usually due to insufficient consumption of foods of high quality, which are mainly foods of plant origin.

1 Fiber

In addition to a high content of micronutrients , plant foods are high in fiber. Fiber is also important for a heart-healthy diet. Foods high in fiber include:

fruits, such as blackberries, raspberries, pears, and oranges

vegetables, including chickpeas

tree nuts, such as almonds, pecans and pistachios
whole grains, such as brown rice, oatmeal, quinoa and bread 100 % whole grains

legumes, such as beans and peas

2 Fish

Moderate amounts of fish may also be beneficial for heart health, as fish is high in fatty acids omega-3.
Omega-3 fatty acids slow down the growth of plaque in the arteries, among other things. The AHA recommends eating 2 servings of fish per week. Fatty varieties, such as salmon and trout, are particularly beneficial.

3 Dairy products

Experts also advise consume moderate amounts of dairy products. According to an article in 2018, recent research indicates that whole dairy products have higher nutrient bioavailability than diet versions. in fat. Bioavailability refers to the body’s ability to absorb and utilize nutrients. The study authors found that fermented milk products, such as yogurt and cheese, are beneficial for heart health.

4 The Mediterranean Diet

The Mediterranean diet is not a specific diet but a diet that emphasizes the consumption of vegetables, fruits and legumes, as well as a moderate consumption of fish and dairy products. A study by 2015 involving more than 37 29 men suggest that the Mediterranean diet may have value for people with heart failure. The authors found a strong link between following the Mediterranean diet closely and reducing the risk of heart failure and death from the disease.

3 Food Types and drinks to avoid

Doctors advise limiting salt intake, avoiding foods containing saturated fats and consuming moderate amounts of alcohol.

1 Salty foods

According to the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, it is important to avoid excessive salt intake to reduce the risk of heart failure.

Follow the following tips to reduce salt intake:

– Eat large amounts of vegetables and fruits, which naturally contain small amounts of salt.
– Use herbs and spices, such as onion, garlic, and sodium-free herbal seasonings, to flavor food.

– Limit the use of condiments, such as ketchup and mustard.
– Avoid fast foods and processed foods.
– Choose salt-free snacks, such as carrot sticks and unsalted almonds.

– Check the sodium content on food labels when shopping.
– Try to cook at home and avoid eating out to treat yourself occasionally.

2 Saturated fats and fried foods

Eating foods high in saturated fat or trans fat can contribute to heart disease. Trans fats are a type of oil that turns into solid fat during food processing.

Foods containing saturated fats include the following:

– high fat cuts of meat

– butter

– coconut oil

– palm oil

ice cream

Foods containing trans fatty acids may include:

– fried foods

– store-bought cookies, pies and crackers

3 Alcohol

In a meta-analysis conducted in 2015, researchers found that people who limit their alcohol consumption to moderate amounts have a lower risk of heart failure. It is better to limit your daily alcohol consumption to no more than two drinks, and for women to no more than one drink.

What is heart failure and what are its causes? the causes?

In case of heart failure, the heart does not pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. It can affect the right side, the left side, or both sides of the heart. Right-sided heart failure involves the inability of the heart to pump enough blood to the lungs to collect oxygen. In left heart failure, the heart is unable to pump enough oxygen-rich blood to all parts of the body. Heart failure can be caused by conditions that overwork, damage, and weaken the heart. When this happens, the body releases certain substances into the blood that have a toxic effect on the heart.

The clinical picture is as follows:

– hypertension arterial

– diabetes

– ischemic heart disease, where plaque builds up inside the arteries, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke

– other heart conditions

Lifestyle practices that promote heart health

While healthy eating plays a vital role in promoting heart health, other lifestyle habits can also contribute. People can try the following things:

– stop smoking, if appropriate
– do regular exercise
– learn to manage stress
– getting enough sleep

– maintaining a moderate weight

Foods that help prevent or manage heart failure include foods rich in micronutrients, which nourish the whole body, including the heart. They come mainly from foods of plant origin. The Mediterranean diet is an example of a heart-healthy diet, as it emphasizes plant-based foods while including moderate amounts of fish and dairy products. One can also reduce one’s risk of heart failure by adopting certain changes in his lifestyle, such as quitting smoking, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep each night.


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Fish and omega-3 fatty acids. (2017).

Heart failure. (nd).

Heart-healthy foods: Shopping list. (2020).

How to prevent heart disease. (2015).

Larsson, SC, et al. (2015). Alcohol consumption and risk of heart failure: A dose–response meta-analysis of prospective studies.

Lennie, TA, et al. (2018). Micronutrient deficiency independently predicts time to event in patients with heart failure.

Lordan, R., et al. (2018). Dairy fats and cardiovascular disease: Do we really need to be concerned?

Nutrient-rich diet may help heart failure patients avoid hospital, death. (2018).

Prevent heart disease. (2020).

Tektonidis, TG, et al. (2015). Adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced risk of heart failure in men.

Presse Santé strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information given can not replace the advice of a health professional.

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