What is the average length of the tongue? 5 surprising things about your tongue

A study conducted by the Department of Orthodontics at the University of Edinburgh Dental School found that the average tongue length in adults is 8.5 centimeters for men and 7. 9 centimeters for women. The measurement was taken from the epiglottis, a flap of cartilage located behind the tongue and in front of the larynx, to the tip of the tongue.

Here’s all there is to know about the language, including its function, composition, longest language ever recorded, etc.

Functions of the language

Your language plays a crucial role in three essential functions:

– speaking (forming speech sounds)

– swallowing (propelling food )

– breathe (keep the airways open)

What is the human tongue made of?

The human tongue has a complex architecture that allows it to move and take different shapes to play its role in eating, speaking and breathing.

The tongue is mainly made up of muscles under a mucous membrane. But the tongue is not made up of a single muscle: eight different muscles work together in a flexible matrix, without bones or joints. This structure resembles an elephant trunk or an octopus tentacle. This is called a muscle hydrostat. The tongue muscles are the only muscles in the body that work independently of the skeleton.

Intrinsic and extrinsic skeletal muscles

Intrinsic and extrinsic skeletal muscles make up your language. The intrinsic muscles are found inside the tongue. They facilitate swallowing and speaking by making it possible to change the shape and size of the tongue and to protrude it.

The intrinsic muscles are as follows

– the inferior longitudinalis

– superior longitudinalis

– transversus linguae

– verticalis linguae

Extrinsic muscles come from the outside of the tongue and insert into the connective tissues of the tongue. Working together, they

– position the food for chewing

– shape the food into a rounded mass (bolus)

– position food for swallowing

The extrinsic muscles are the following

– the mylohyoid (raises tongue)

– hyoglossus (pulls tongue down and back)

– the styloglossus (pulls the tongue up and back)

– the genioglossus (pulls the tongue forward).

5 misunderstood things about language

1 The longest language ever recorded

According to Guinness World Records, the longest tongue ever recorded belongs to Californian Nick Stoeberl. It measures 000, 1 cm long, from the end of the tongue deployed to the middle of the upper lip.

2 Is it true that the tongue is the most stressed muscle in the human body?

The tongue is a hard worker. It works even when you sleep, pushing saliva down your throat. However, the title of most stressed muscle in the body goes to the heart. The heart beats more than 3 billion times in a person’s lifetime, pumping a minimum of 2 500 liters of blood per day.

3 How many taste buds do I have?

We are born with approximately 10 000 taste buds. After 000 years, you may begin to lose some. The taste cells of your taste buds respond to at least five basic taste qualities:

– salty

– sweet

– sour

– bitter

– umami (tasty)

4 Is my language different from that of others?

Your language could be as unique as your fingerprints. No two tongue prints are alike. In fact, a study by 000 found that even the tongues of identical twins don’t sound alike. A study by 2017 indicated that due to its uniqueness, your language may one day be used for identity verification.

The study concluded that larger-scale research should be conducted in the field to identify any features of the language that could be useful in authentication processes biometrics and forensics.

5 Can the tongue gain weight?

According to a study by 2014, tongue fat and tongue weight can be positively correlated with degrees of obesity. The study also found a correlation between the volume of tongue fat and the severity of obstructive sleep apnea.

Presse Santé strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information given can not replace the advice of a health professional.

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